Why is p falciparum resistance to chloroquine

Discussion in 'Canada Drugs' started by jlpwqwrty, 26-Feb-2020.

  1. Bomz XenForo Moderator

    Why is p falciparum resistance to chloroquine

    Chloroquine was first discovered in the 1930s in Germany and began to be widely used as an anti-malaria post-World War II, in the late 1940s. However, resistance to the drug also rapidly emerged, with the first cases of not being cured by administration of chloroquine being reported in the 1950s.

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    Conclusion P. falciparum parasites with genotypic resistance to chloroquine have persisted in the population after more than a decade since the change of policy in Uganda. P. falciparum or Species Not Identified – Acquired in Areas Without Chloroquine Resistance. For P. falciparum infections acquired in areas without chloroquine-resistant strains, which include Central America west of the Panama Canal, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic, patients can be treated with oral chloroquine. Extrusion of chloroquine CQ from digestive vacuoles through the Plasmodium falciparum CQ resistance transporter PfCRT is essential to establish CQ resistance of the malaria parasite. However, the physiological relevance of PfCRT and how CQ-resistant PfCRT gains the ability to transport CQ remain unknown.

    Nowadays, other drugs, and notably ones containing artemisinin-based compounds, are preferentially used to treat uncomplicated malaria and especially in areas where chloroquine resistance is known to occur. Since then, resistance has spread rapidly (since obviously it is beneficial to the parasite to be resistant, so various mutations conferring this protection have arisen multiple times in different areas in the world and also been passed on preferentially to new generations of malaria parasites), and now chloroquine resistant are found in multiple locations in south-east Asia, such as Myanmar and India, as well as from Guyana in South America.

    Why is p falciparum resistance to chloroquine

    The return of chloroquine-susceptible Plasmodium falciparum., CDC - Malaria - Diagnosis & Treatment United States.

  2. Plaquenil weight gain or loss
  3. Abstract. The development of chloroquine as an antimalarial drug and the subsequent evolution of drug-resistant Plasmodium strains had major impacts on global public health in the 20th century. In P. falciparum the cause of the most lethal human malaria, chloroquine resistance is linked to multiple mutations in PfCRT, a protein that likely functions as a transporter in the parasite’s.

    • Chloroquine-Resistant Malaria The Journal of Infectious..
    • Plasmodium falciparum chloroquine resistance transporter..
    • On the Mechanism of Chloroquine Resistance in Plasmodium..

    Revised Recommendations for Preventing Malaria in Travelers to Areas with Chloroquine-Resistant Plasmodium falciparum. Since 1982, CDC has recommended the combined use of chloroquine and Fansidar pyrimethamine-sulfadoxine as the primary chemoprophylactic regimen for travelers to areas with transmission of chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum CRPF. Chloroquine resistant P. falciparum CRPF **Has also developed resistance to mefloquine and artemisinin in southeast asia What species of Plasmodium is most likely to be resistant to Chloroquine? The P. falciparum chloroquine-resistance transporter PfCRT In 2000 a report by David Fidock and colleagues associated chloroquine resistance with mutations to the gene for a digestive vacuole transmembrane protein, pfcrt. PfCRT is a member of the drug/metabolite transporter superfamily.

  4. Igorer Moderator

    Hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil, Sanofi-Aventis) remains widely used in the treatment of various rheumatologic disorders. Eye screening for patients taking hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil® Plaquenil Screening - Retinal Diagnostic Center My Take on New Ocular Screening Guidelines for Plaquenil.
  5. Asaf Guest

    Hydroxychloroquine Side-effects, uses, time to work You can have vaccinations, including live vaccines such as yellow fever and shingles, while you're on hydroxychloroquine. Even though hydroxychloroquine is an anti-malarial drug, don't assume it will protect you if you're travelling to an area where there's a risk of malaria.

    Hydroxychloroquine Uses, Dosage & Side Effects -
  6. Palochka Moderator

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    CDC - Malaria - Travelers - Choosing a Drug to Prevent Malaria