This study investigated doxycycline-related side effects in a large population of dogs. Data from 386 dogs that had received doxycycline for the treatment of various infectious diseases were analysed retrospectively. Potential side effects that developed during treatment were documented, and correlations with signalment, dose, duration of treatment, frequency of application, doxycycline preparation and use of additional drugs were investigated. Vomiting was reported in 18.3 per cent of dogs, 7.0 per cent developed diarrhoea and 2.5 per cent developed anorexia. While being treated with doxycycline, 39.4 per cent of dogs showed an increase in alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activity and 36.4 per cent showed an increase in alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity. There was a dose-related risk of an increase in ALP activity (P=0.011, odds ratio [OR]=1.27, 95 per cent confidence interval [CI] 1.06 to 1.53), and older dogs treated with doxycycline were more likely to develop an increase in ALT activity (P=0.038, OR=1.23, 95 per cent CI 1.01 to 1.50) and vomiting (P=0.017, OR=1.11, 95 per cent CI 1.02 to 1.21). If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s Rights Link service. Derivatives are crystalline, yellowish, amphoteric substances that, in aqueous solution, form salts with both acids and bases. They characteristically fluoresce when exposed to ultraviolet light. The most common salt form is the hydrochloride, except for hyclate or monohydrate. The tetracyclines are stable as dry powders but not in aqueous solution, particularly at higher p H ranges (7–8.5). Preparations for parenteral administration must be carefully formulated, often in propylene glycol or polyvinyl pyrrolidone with additional dispersing agents, to provide stable solutions. Tetracyclines form poorly soluble chelates with bivalent and trivalent cations, particularly calcium, magnesium, aluminum, and iron. exhibit the greatest liposolubility and better penetration of bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus than does the group as a whole.
The general dosage of doxycycline for user in dogs is 2 mg per pound administered every 12Doxycycline is a safe and commonly used drug for the treatment of a variety of infections in dogs. Doxycycline Dosage For Dogs? How To Administer Doxycycline? Side Effects. Doxycycline can be given to dogs orally by way of tablets or in liquid form, either injected into the mouth via syringe or.