(Reuters Health) - Women with depression may be more likely than other mothers to have children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) even if they don’t take antidepressants during pregnancy, a recent study suggests. The results indicate that at least part of the link previously seen between kids’ exposure to antidepressants during pregnancy and their risk of developing ADHD may be explained by “family factors” such as maternal depression, rather than the drugs themselves, the study authors write in The BMJ. When the researchers compared the children of women with psychiatric disorders who had either taken antidepressants during pregnancy or only before pregnancy, they found the ADHD risk among their children was similar. This was also true for siblings with the same mother but different exposures to antidepressants during pregnancy. “Pregnant women should not stop treatment because of concerns of ADHD in their children in the future,” senior study author Ian C. Wong, of the school of pharmacy at University College London said by email. In the study of 190,618 kids born in Hong Kong from 2001 to 2009, just 3 percent of the children were diagnosed with ADHD or treated for the condition after an average follow-up of more than nine years. Researchers didn’t find a meaningful association between children’s ADHD and their mother’s use during pregnancy of a family of drugs known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) that includes Prozac, Zoloft and Celexa, according to the report in The BMJ. Women who took other types of antidepressants while pregnant were 59 percent more likely to have kids with ADHD than women who didn’t use any antidepressants, however. Approximately 10 million adults have attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Although there is a significant amount of research on medication treatment for children with ADHD, much less controlled research data has been conducted on medication therapy in adults. As a treatment of ADHD, it has been said that “pills do not substitute for skills.” This means that medication alone is not sufficient to help a person improve his or her problems in areas such as organization, time management, prioritizing and using cognitive aids. However, medication improves attention and reduces impulsivity in adults who have been correctly diagnosed with ADHD. Adults with ADHD may also frequently have other conditions such as depression or anxiety that may require additional treatment. View Medication Management Chart How medication works Medication does not cure ADHD; when effective, it eases ADHD symptoms during the time it is active. Thus, it is not like an antibiotic that may cure a bacterial infection, but more like eyeglasses that help to improve vision only during the time the eyeglasses are actually worn.
This content has not been reviewed within the past year and may not represent Web MD's most up-to-date information. To find the most current information, please enter your topic of interest into our search box. 24, 2008 - Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and Zoloft are effective treatments for childhood anxiety disorders -- but the combination works best, a government-funded study shows. Anxiety disorders and social phobias limit the lives of at least one in 10 children. Yet up to half of these kids aren't helped by short-term treatment with psychotherapy alone or medications alone. Walkup, MD, and colleagues led a multi-institution, government-funded study to see whether combination treatment would help. The researchers enrolled 488 children and teens age 7 to 17 years. All suffered separation anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, or social phobia. There were four different treatment groups: Walkup and colleagues conclude that all three of the active treatments -- CBT, Zoloft, or the combination -- are effective short-term treatments for kids with anxiety disorders. Among its more common companions are depression, alcohol and drug abuse, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), Tourette’s syndrome, and of course, anxiety. Having ADHD and another condition can make treatment trickier, but it’s crucial to address everything that’s going on if you’re going to get the most out of your treatment. Anxiety comes in a lot of different forms, like phobias or panic attacks. The kind of anxiety that crops up with ADHD is usually stress-related. That means a “grinding, I can’t take it much longer” stress. It’s the type of anxiety that keeps you awake at night, wondering how you’re going to pull off that massive presentation next week? That duration distinguishes it from passing stressors that come and go. Or how you’re going to learn a semester of stats by Monday? In jargon-speak it’s sometimes called Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). It’s not short-lived or temporary, but more like an unwanted new normal. Past struggles and mistakes are replayed over and over again, usually in an unrealistically negative or amplified way. This is a breeding ground for performance-related anxiety of course, but it also leads to a sense of chaos and incompetence.
ADHD/ADD makes life inherently more difficult. Our work performance is worse tjan noneffected peers, our social ability is worse, our output is inferior, etc, etc. Zoloft is taken for treating ADHD. 4,939 patients conversations about taking Zoloft for ADHD, rating Zoloft 1.6552176817195186 out of 5 for helping in treatment of ADHD.