Ciprofloxacin, also known by the brand-name Cipro, is a strong, synthetic antibiotic from the fluoroquinolone family of drugs. Cipro is usually taken orally, and ingested Cipro dissolves in the stomach before being absorbed into the digestive system and circulated in the body. The ciprofloxacin molecule, like other drugs in the fluoroquinolone family, naturally binds to elements including calcium. Because most soy milks contain calcium and other minerals, neither milk nor soy milk should be consumed close to a dose of Cipro. Cipro was developed by the Bayer pharmaceutical company in the late 1980s. The medication is considered a member of the second generation of fluoroquinolone drugs, and was primarily developed to help patients with bacterial infections that had not been cured by other antibiotic therapies. It works by blocking effective DNA replication in bacteria. This includes bone and joint infections, intra abdominal infections, certain type of infectious diarrhea, respiratory tract infections, skin infections, typhoid fever, and urinary tract infections, among others. Ciprofloxacin is used to treat a wide variety of infections, including infections of bones and joints, endocarditis, gastroenteritis, malignant otitis externa, respiratory tract infections, cellulitis, urinary tract infections, prostatitis, anthrax, and chancroid. Ciprofloxacin only treats bacterial infections; it does not treat viral infections such as the common cold. For certain uses including acute sinusitis, lower respiratory tract infections and uncomplicated gonorrhea, ciprofloxacin is not considered a first-line agent. Ciprofloxacin occupies an important role in treatment guidelines issued by major medical societies for the treatment of serious infections, especially those likely to be caused by Gram-negative bacteria, including Pseudomonas aeruginosa. For example, ciprofloxacin in combination with metronidazole is one of several first-line antibiotic regimens recommended by the Infectious Diseases Society of America for the treatment of community-acquired abdominal infections in adults. In other cases, treatment guidelines are more restrictive, recommending in most cases that older, narrower-spectrum drugs be used as first-line therapy for less severe infections to minimize fluoroquinolone-resistance development.
Quinolone antibiotics (including ciprofloxacin) may cause serious and possibly permanent tendon damage (such as tendonitis, tendon rupture), nerve problems in the arms and legs (peripheral neuropathy), and nervous system problems. Get medical help right away if you have any of the following symptoms: pain/numbness/burning/tingling/weakness in your arms/hands/legs/feet, changes in how you sense touch/pain/temperature/vibration/body position, severe/lasting headache, vision changes, shaking (tremors), seizures, mental/mood changes (such as agitation, anxiety, confusion, hallucinations, depression, rare thoughts of suicide). Tendon damage may occur during or after treatment with this medication. Stop exercising, rest, and get medical help right away if you develop joint/muscle/tendon pain or swelling. Your risk for tendon problems is greater if you are over 60 years of age, if you are taking corticosteroids (such as prednisone), or if you have a kidney, heart, or lung transplant. This medication may make a certain muscle condition (myasthenia gravis) worse. Tell your doctor right away if you have new or worsening muscle weakness (such as drooping eyelids, unsteady walk) or trouble breathing. This is only partial, I don't know what the medicinal ingredients are, I could only find this: Nonmedicinal ingredients: colloidal silicon dioxide, crospovidone, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose 2910-15, magnesium stearate, maize starch, microcrystalline cellulose, polyethylene glycol, purified water, titanium dioxide. Please see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION for specific recommendations. Ciprofloxacin tablets are indicated for the treatment of infections caused by susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms in the conditions and patient populations listed below. CIPROFLOXACIN Active Ingredients CIPROFLOXACIN HYDROCHLORIDE Inctive Ingredients Microcrystalline Cellulose, Sodium Starch Glycolate, Povidone, Colloidal Silicon Dioxide, Magnesium Stearate, Hypromellose, Polyethylene Glycol, Titanium Dioxide Usage.
Don't take your dose of Cipro with a glass of milk. Better to take it with a large glass of water and wait at least two hours before consuming a glass of milk. Dairy products can reduce the effectiveness of Cipro if taken together, according to Ciprofloxacin and Breastfeeding. Although ciprofloxacin has been shown to pass through breast milk in small amounts, it is unknown what effects this medication might have on a nursing infant.