In the same year, about 11.5 million people were nonmedical users of narcotic pain relievers. If you stop or cut back on these drugs after heavy use of a few weeks or more, you will have a number of symptoms. In 2016 in the United States, about 948,000 people used heroin during the past year. This means they were taking narcotics that were not prescribed to them. Narcotic pain relievers include: These drugs can cause physical dependence. This means that a person relies on the drug to prevent withdrawal symptoms. Over time, more of the drug is needed for the same effect. How long it takes to become physically dependent varies with each person. When the person stops taking the drugs, the body needs time to recover. Withdrawal from opiates can occur any time long-term use is stopped or cut back. One of the most persistent worries about detoxing from opioids is the discomfort of withdrawal symptoms. Body aches and pains, nausea, insomnia, and other symptoms can make it challenging for an individual to maintain abstinence long enough to fully eliminate the drug from the body, increasing the chance that the person will not complete treatment. To help avoid this problem, people often look to medicines to minimize withdrawal symptoms. Clonidine is one such medication that is used by treatment professionals to ease the discomfort of detox and give those who are struggling with opioid abuse a better chance at achieving recovery. According to Mental Health Daily, clonidine was originally developed as a nasal decongestant. After a while, it was found that it did better at helping to treat high blood pressure, and it largely became marketed for that. Then, after a number of years, doctors began using the medicine for off-label applications that it seemed to help with.
Clonidine lowers blood pressure by decreasing the levels of certain chemicals in your blood. This allows your blood vessels to relax and your heart to beat more slowly and easily. The Catapres brand of clonidine is used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure). The Kapvay brand is used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Clonidine is sometimes given with other medications. Before you take clonidine, tell your doctor if you have heart disease or severe coronary artery disease, a heart rhythm disorder, slow heartbeats, low blood pressure, a history of heart attack or stroke, kidney disease, or if you have ever had an allergic reaction to a Catapres TTS transdermal skin patch. You should not take this medicine if you are allergic to clonidine. Clonidine, sold as the brand name Catapres among others, is a medication used to treat high blood pressure, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, drug withdrawal (alcohol, opioids, or smoking), menopausal flushing, diarrhea, and certain pain conditions. Clonidine is used to treat high blood pressure, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), drug withdrawal (alcohol, opioids, or smoking), menopausal flushing, diarrhea, and certain pain conditions. It can alleviate opioid withdrawal symptoms by reducing the sympathetic nervous system response such as tachycardia and hypertension, as well as reducing sweating, hot and cold flashes, and general restlessness. Clonidine also has several off-label uses, and has been prescribed to treat psychiatric disorders including stress, sleep disorders, and hyperarousal caused by post-traumatic stress disorder, borderline personality disorder, and other anxiety disorders. Clonidine has also been used to treat refractory diarrhea associated with irritable bowel syndrome, fecal incontinence, diabetes, withdrawal-associated diarrhea, intestinal failure, neuroendocrine tumors and cholera. The reduction in circulating norepinephrine by clonidine was used in the past as an investigatory test for phaeochromocytoma, which is a catecholamine-synthesizing tumour, usually found in the adrenal medulla. In a clonidine suppression test plasma catecholamine levels are measured before and 3 hours after a 0.3 mg oral test dose has been given to the patient.
This means that a person relies on the drug to prevent withdrawal symptoms. Over time, more of the drug is needed for the same effect. Clonidine is used to help. Clonidine appears generally inferior to buprenorphine or methadone taper for opiate withdrawal treatment; however, clonidine is more effective than placebo and a useful alternative to buprenorphine for targeting noradrenergic-mediated withdrawal symptoms such as