In addition to the general indications for all members of the tetracycline antibiotics group, doxycycline is frequently used to treat Lyme disease, chronic prostatitis, sinusitis, pelvic inflammatory disease, Moraxella catarrhalis, Brucella melitensis, Chlamydia pneumoniae, and Mycoplasma pneumoniae are generally susceptible to doxycycline, while some Haemophilus spp., Mycoplasma hominis, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa have developed resistance to varying degrees. Some Gram-positive bacteria have developed resistance to doxycycline. Up to 44% of Streptococcus pyogenes and up to 74% of S. faecalis specimens have developed resistance to the tetracycline group of antibiotics. When bacteriologic testing indicates appropriate susceptibility to the drug, doxycycline may be used to treat these infections caused by Gram-positive bacteria: The World Health Organization Guidelines states that the combination of doxycycline with either artesunate or quinine may be used for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria due to Plasmodium falciparum or following intravenous treatment of severe malaria. Doxycycline kills the symbiotic Wolbachia bacteria in the reproductive tracts of parasitic filarial nematodes, making the nematodes sterile, and thus reducing transmission of diseases such as onchocerciasis and elephantiasis. Doxycycline has been used successfully to treat sexually transmitted, respiratory, and ophthalmic infections. The Lymes disease is an infectious disease caused by a bacterium called Borrelia burgorferi (National Institutes of Health, 2015) and transmitted by Ixodes ticks (Fernandez, 2012). Due to the broad clinical spectrum, Lyme disease is known as ” the last great imitator “, due to the large number of symptoms it can cause (Portillo et al., 2014).
The specifics of your Lyme disease treatment will depend on your case. A short course of antibiotics will likely easily cure you if you are in the early stage. Successful treatment for more complicated cases, however, requires three to four weeks of antibiotic therapy and possibly additional treatments. Here's a look at how different stages and symptoms of Lyme disease are treated. Your healthcare provider can likely effectively treat your Lyme disease with the appropriate use of antibiotics. In general, the sooner you begin treatment following infection, the quicker and more complete your recovery will be. Antibiotics such as doxycycline, cefuroxime axetil, and amoxicillin, taken orally for a few weeks, can speed the healing of your erythema migrans rash and usually prevent subsequent symptoms such as arthritis or neurological problems. Canine lyme disease (borreliosis) is an infectious, tick-borne disease caused by the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi. For the disease to be transmitted by the tick to a dog, it must be attached for 48 hours. It may take several weeks for the disease to manifest itself in the dog after exposure. The disease affects joint, muscle and heart tissues. Sometimes a dog will develop life-long joint pain resulting from the damage of the joint done by the disease. Symptoms vary from animal to animal; however, common symptoms are fever (103 to 105 degrees for dogs), swelling in the joints, lameness, loss of appetite, lethargy and swollen lymph nodes. Usually the dog develops a limp, most likely in one of the forelegs.
People treated with appropriate antibiotics in the early stages of Lyme disease usually recover rapidly and completely. Antibiotics commonly used for oral treatment include doxycycline, amoxicillin, or cefuroxime axetil. People with certain neurological or cardiac forms of illness may require intravenous. Dec 5, 2018. Oral antibiotics. These are the standard treatment for early-stage Lyme disease. These usually include doxycycline for adults and children older.